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Official Journal of the Italian Society of Orthopaedics and Traumatology

Fig. 3 | Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology

Fig. 3

From: Proximal medial patellar restraints and their surgical reconstruction

Fig. 3

a Cadaveric specimen depicting the undersurface of the medial muscles and soft tissue structures. Outlined is the medial proximal patella femoral complex, which demonstrates fibers originating on the femur and extending to the superior medial patella and quadriceps complex. The superior portion of this complex has been termed the medial quadriceps tendon-femoral ligament (MQTFL). Image courtesy of Miho J. Tanaka MD, Johns Hopkins, Baltimore, MD. b Cadaveric specimen with the medial muscles translated superiorly. The broad proximal medial patellar restraints are depicted, fanning out from the adductor tubercle to the patella and distal quadriceps complex

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