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Official Journal of the Italian Society of Orthopaedics and Traumatology

Table 2 Part 2. Final diagnosis for all 196 patients enrolled in part 2

From: The loss of extension test (LOE test): a new clinical sign for the anterior cruciate ligament insufficient knee

Final diagnosis N %
Isolated ACL tear 75 38.3
Associated ACL tear 46 23.4
ACL + MM 25 54.2
ACL + grade 1 MCL 12 26
ACL + grade 2 MCL + MM 2 4.4
ACL + MM and LM 2 4.4
ACL + LM 2 4.4
ACL + patellar instability 1 2.2
ACL + LCL 1 2.2
ACL + grade 2 MCL + MM and LM 1 2.2
Other knee pathology with no ACL tear 75 38.3
MM 36 48
LM 8 10.6
Patellar tendon tendinopathy 4 5.3
Medial compartment osteoarthritis 4 5.3
Patellar instability 3 4
Anterior knee pain 3 4
Iliotibial band friction 2 2.6
Synovitis 2 2.6
Osteochondritis of the medial femoral condyle 2 2.6
Grade 2 MCL + MM 2 2.6
Grade 2 MCL 2 2.6
Osteoarthritis + MM 1 1.4
Patellofemoral osteoarthritis 1 1.4
Quadriceps tendon tendinopathy 1 1.4
Isolated LCP 1 1.4
Grade 3 chondromalacia of the patella 1 1.4
Loose body 1 1.4
Proximal tibiofibular joint sprain 1 1.4
Total 196 100
  1. There were 75 isolated ACL ruptures and 46 associated ACL ruptures
  2. ACL anterior cruciate ligament, LCM medial collateral ligament, LCL lateral collateral ligament, PCL posterior cruciate ligament, MM medial meniscus, LM lateral meniscus